What are STIs?
The Medical Institute for Sexual Health (MI) states STIs can be caused by bacteria (eg, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis), viruses (eg, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, herpes, HPV), or parasites (trichomoniasis). Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STI. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common viral STI.
STIs & STDs
STI stands for Sexually Transmitted Infection. STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Disease. It's possible to be infected (be a carrier) without developing the disease. However, if you are infected, you may develop the disease and not know it (some STDs don't manifest symptoms right away) and you can pass the infection to another person.
The CDC states that 1 in 4 women between the ages of 15-24 will contract an STI this year and half of all new STI cases are acquired by young people between 15-24. Reference.
In 2017, there were 1,069,111 reported cases of chlamydial infection among persons aged 15–24 years. Reference.
What is abstinence?
Abstinence is the choice to refrain from sexual activity until marriage. It is a positive lifestyle that emphasizes personal responsibility, healthy relationship skills, and so much more.
Abstinence is the only 100% effective means for preventing all sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancy, and the emotional consequences often associated with sex outside of marriage.
Can STIs be prevented?
Yes, STIs can be prevented. Avoid all sexual activity if you are single or be faithful to one uninfected partner for life. This is the only way to avoid the risk of infections.